How Grow Aubergines In Your Garden
A flavorful Mediterranean vegetable known for its use in curries, baba ganoush, parmigiana, and fritters. Aubergines can be roasted, stuffed, or grilled. Given the right conditions, aubergines, which are related to tomatoes, peppers, and chillies, are rather simple to grow. They need plenty of sunlight and warm temperatures, as well as a good, rich soil that retains moisture. They flourish on a windowsill or in a sunny greenhouse.
Aubergines need a warm, sunny environment for best results. If at all possible, cultivate them in a greenhouse or in containers on a south-facing patio or windowsill. Due to their lengthy growing season, aubergines should be sown in moist, peat-free multipurpose soil as early as January.
To prevent seedlings from growing lanky, seed should also be sown in March if a heated propagator is not available. Upon the appearance of the first true leaves, transplant into separate pots. Keep potting or plant outside into the greenhouse as soon as nighttime lows drop below 10 degrees Celsius. Make sure the soil or compost is well-draining.
You can start planting aubergine seed as early as January if you have a heated propagator, or as late as March if you don’t. Prick out seedlings when their first true leaves develop, then place each one in a 7.5cm pot. In the future, plant in the ground or in 30-cm pots filled with peat-free, multipurpose compost. If you’re growing aubergines outside, don’t move them to their final growing areas until all danger of frost has passed. Aubergines need constant temperatures of about 20°C to grow. You can either develop pollinator plants nearby to attract pollinators, which may be a problem in a small greenhouse, or gently tap or shake the bʟᴏssoms with water to help release the pollen.
Pinch out the main stems’ developing tips when your aubergine plants are 30 cm tall to promote the growth of side shoots. Once the plants have started to bloom, feed them frequently with a high-potash fertilizer or tomato feed. Then, spray them with water to promote the fruit set. After you have five to six fruits, cut off any other little fruiting shoots. Taller varieties can need staking, particularly as the fruits ripen. Your plants need regular watering and mulching.
The general rule for harvesting aubergines is to remove the fruits as soon as the skin starts to look dull. Check the variety you’re growing because some aubergines have less shiny skins than others, so this can be a symptom of overripeness. It is best to cook aubergines as soon as they are gathered. Some varieties need to be salted and cut into slices before cooking to get rid of any bitterness.